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17.08.2017

CDIS - Metadata

 

The Coordinated Direct Investment Survey (CDIS) is a worldwide statistical data collection project launched by the International Monetary Fund (IMF) in 2009. The purpose of the CDIS is to improve the availability and quality of direct investment position statistics.
The approach used in the CDIS is based on the principles described in:

 

CDIS in the Republic of Moldova

 

Coverage

The CDIS was first conducted in Moldova in 2010 and included 2,945 companies with foreign direct capital (almost all active businesses). Today, approximately 4,500 companies participate in the survey each year, including deposit-taking corporations, other financial corporations, and non-financial corporations. The CDIS statistics in Moldova does not include data on: investment in real estate; outward investment; investment between fellow enterprises (having the same common investor).

 

Data sources

The main data sources for the CDIS are: (i) „1-Invest” statistical reports on foreign investment allocated by foreign-owned enterprises in the economy of Moldova and (ii) financial statements of companies, collected by the National Bureau of Statistics and processed by the National Bank of Moldova. An additional data source are the reports on transactions in securities with non-residents' participation provided by the National Commission for Financial Markets.

 

Valuation principles

For investment in the form of equity, the “own funds at book value” principle is used, while investment in the form of debt instruments (loans, trade credits, deposits, and other liabilities) is recorded at the nominal value.

The “own funds at book value” principle involves valuation based on the positions reported by companies at book value. Accounting records are kept in Moldovan leu and are recalculated at the period-end exchange rate to obtain the positions in US dollars.

The “nominal value” is defined as the amount owed by a debtor to a creditor, which comprises the outstanding principal and the sum of accumulated and unpaid interest.

 

Difference from other FDI statistics

The CDIS statistics is presented according to the directional principle (inward/outward), unlike FDI statistics from the International investment position, presented according to the assets/liabilities principle, which is the main source of divergence. Besides this, the State Registration Chamber (SRC) publishes a range of statistics about foreign investment in equity capital, which include capital inflows recorded only upon the setup of companies, without further additional emissions and other changes; beyond that, the SRC statistics does not distinguish between direct investment and portfolio investment.

 

Other remarks

Currently the CDIS data are available for inward foreign investment, while statistics on outward investment by Moldovan residents is not yet compiled. Published data are annual and reflect positions at the end of the calendar year. The geographic distribution of FDI is shown by the immediate investor’s country.

Annual CDIS data are available on the NBM’s website in the Interactive database starting from 2009, in distribution by industry and by country. Alternatively, the CDIS statistics in geographic distribution and by instruments can be accessed on the IMF’s website.

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